Located in the westernmost region of the Sierra Maestra mountain range, the Desembarco del Granma National Park stretches over an area of 25 764 hectares. This important geographic site in the southeastern Cuban province of Granma has as its most attractive features one of the most important marine terraces systems in the country, with well-preserved vertical cliffs and escarpments and high aesthetic value.
Visiting it will bring unique experiences once you come into direct contact with the endemic flora and fauna of Cuba and especially that of the eastern region of the country, rich in beauty and diversity. This National Park was inscribed as a Natural Site on the World Heritage List in December 1999, during the XXIII Meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, held in Marrakesh, Morocco.
For this acknowledgement, the topographic value of the marine terraces was taken into account, which represent an example of certain essential features recognized by specialists worldwide. In addition, the area included in the spectacular levels of terraces, the famous coastal slopes and the diverse ecosystems that have evolved from these, are part of the most impressive coastal cliffs that border the western Atlantic.
Among the plant formations, the vegetation complex of terraces stands out, which houses some 500 species of flora, where a significant number of them are endemic to the Cuban archipelago. On the other hand, within the fauna stands out the terrestrial mollusk species called Polymita venusta, the Leaf Lizard, the manatees, and the parrots.
In land of the Park, historical events of great relevance for the Cubans took place. Disembarkation of the yacht Granma on December 2nd, 1956 by Las Coloradas and the combat of Alegría de Pío, held between the expeditionaries and the soldiers of Batista’s tyranny three days later. Both actions marked the beginning of the War of National Liberation that culminated with the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on January 1st , 1959.
The great depth of the sea close to the coast causes the existence of very clean water currents that allow a great development of underwater life and makes these sites privileged places for contemplative diving.
If you wish to appreciate the beauty of the Cuban seabed, do not hesitate to visit the Desembarco del Granma National Park, a site that you can access easily if you stay in one of our houses located in the cities of Bayamo and Santiago de Cuba.